We use conjunctions (e.g., "and" or "but") to build grammatical sentences, which in turn allows us to express ourselves clearly. Every conjunction has its own meaning though, so it\u2019s a good idea to learn a few more!\n\nIn this post, we take a closer look at three conjunctions that could help in your academic writing: \u201cas far as,\u201d \u201csince\u201d and \u201ceven though.\u201d\nAs Far As (To the Degree That)\nUsed as a conjunction, \u201cas far as\u201d means \u201cto the degree or extent that.\u201d It therefore qualifies statements that apply only under certain conditions.\n\nThe phrases like \u201cas far as we know,\u201d for instance, signals that something is based on incomplete information:\nThe experiment poses no risk as far as we know.\nHere, \u201cas far as\u201d suggests the sentence is true to the best of our understanding. However, it leaves open the possibility that it is based on imperfect knowledge.\n\nBecause \u201cas far as\u201d is a subordinating conjunction when used like this, it always joins a dependent clause (\u201cas far as we know\u201d) to an independent clause (\u201cThe experiment poses no risk\u201d).\nSince (Time and Justification)\nAlso a subordinating conjunction, \u201csince\u201d has two distinct uses. The first is to specify that something happened after a particular point in time:\nSince learning to dance, I\u2019ve felt more graceful.\nIn this case, \u201csince\u201d shows that the speaker started feeling this way only after learning to dance.\n\nThe second meaning is to introduce a reason or justification for something (making it a synonym for \u201cbecause\u201d):\nSince we are interested in how people perceive retail experiences, we have adopted a qualitative research approach.\nHere, the word \u201csince\u201d joins a clause about the reason for picking a research approach to the main clause about the approach chosen.\nEven Though (Despite the Fact That)\nThe term \u201ceven though\u201d is used to introduce contrast in a sentence, like saying \u201cdespite the fact that\u201d:\nEven though he was completely deaf from around 1820, Beethoven began work on his Ninth Symphony in 1822.\nThe difference between \u201ceven though\u201d and \u201cthough\u201d is simply that \u201ceven though\u201d is more emphatic. We therefore use \u201ceven though\u201d when introducing a particularly surprising or unexpected contrast.