MLA referencing, as developed by the Modern Language Association, is a way of citing sources in academic writing, commonly used within the liberal arts and humanities. Books, on the other hand, are papery things with pages that live in libraries. They\u2019re usually full of words, sometimes with a few pictures.\nYou probably knew that already, but we thought it was best to clarify.\nNow that\u2019s settled, in today\u2019s blog post, we explain how to reference a book with MLA citations, which is an essential skill if your college uses this referencing system.\n\nIn-Text Citations\nMLA referencing uses parenthetical citations, but the format differs slightly from the \u201cauthor\u2013date\u201d system you might know if you\u2019ve used APA or Harvard citations before.\nThe only things you need to give in an MLA citation are the author\u2019s surname and the relevant page number(s) for the passage you\u2019re referencing:\nGeographical latitude is a \u201cmajor determinant\u201d of growing conditions (Diamond 189).\nIf the author is named in the text, simply give page numbers after the relevant passage:\nAccording to Diamond, latitude is a \u201cmajor determinant\u201d of growing conditions (189).\nWhen citing two books by the same author, moreover, you\u2019ll need to differentiate between different sources. To do this in MLA, give a shortened title in the citation alongside the other information:\nAccording to Diamond, latitude is a \u201cmajor determinant\u201d of growing conditions (Guns, Germs & Steel 189). This effects how societies rise and fall (Diamond, Collapse 44-45).\nNote that there\u2019s a comma between the author name and shortened title when both are given in parentheses. You should also italicize book titles in citations, just in the main text.\n\nReference List\/Works Cited\nMLA referencing requires all cited sources to be added to a \u201cWorks Cited\u201d page at the end of your document. The information to include here for a print book is as follows:\nSurname, First Name. Title of Book. Publisher, Year of Publication.\nIn the case of the book cited above, Guns, Germs & Steel, this would appear as:\nDiamond, Jared. Guns, Germs & Steel: A Short History of Everybody for the Last 13,000 Years. Vintage Books, 1997.\nThe names here are reversed so that sources can be listed alphabetically by author surname. If a book written by more than one person, you only need to reverse the first author\u2019s names.\nWhen citing multiple books by the same author, order them alphabetically by title, but only give the author\u2019s names for the first entry, using three hyphens and a period for subsequent sources:\nDiamond, Jared. Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed. Penguin, 2006.\n- - -. Guns, Germs & Steel: A Short History of Everybody for the Last 13,000 Years. Vintage Books, 1997.