The\u00a0Oxford Standard for Citations of Legal Authorities\u00a0(OSCOLA for short) is a standardized system for legal citations. In particular, OSCOLA is used in UK jurisprudence, so you should know this\u00a0referencing style\u00a0if you\u2019re studying law in the UK. But how do you cite an ebook in OSCOLA?\n\nThis can be tricky, since the fourth edition of OSCOLA makes no explicit reference to ebooks. Nevertheless, we have some tips to share.\nHow to Cite an Ebook in OSCOLA Footnotes\nOSCOLA references for ebooks are similar to those used for print books. In fact, if the ebook edition contains the same page numbers as the printed publication, you should cite the source\u00a0as if it were a print book.\n\nTherefore, for most ebooks, you\u2019ll use the following format:\nn. Author Name,\u00a0Title(Additional Information, Edition, Publisher Year) Pinpoint Reference.\nThe additional information here can include editors, translators, or any other clarificatory detail. An example of this would be:\n1. Arnold Barrister,\u00a0Life in Law(3rdedn, PMD Publications 2015) 317.\nIf no page numbers are available in the ebook edition of a book that is available in print, use the standard book reference format with the electronic edition included before the publisher and chapter\/section\/paragraph numbers for pinpoint references. For instance:\n2. Jane Judges,\u00a0Jurisprudence\u00a0(Kindle edn, PMD Publications 2014) ch 1, para 30.\nHowever, if you are citing an ebook that is only available electronically, your citation should end with the web address and an access date:\nn. Author,\u00a0Title(Additional Information, Edition, Publisher Year) <URL> (date of access).\nA citation of this kind would therefore appear in the footnote as:\n3. Terry Futurebrain,\u00a0Law Online(PMD Publications 2012) <www.ebooks.au\/futurebrain> (accessed 1 July 2015).\n\nHow to List Ebooks in an OSCOLA Bibliography\nLike print books, in OSCOLA referencing, ebooks are included in the \u201cSecondary Sources\u201d section of the bibliography. Sources should be listed alphabetically by author surname.\n\nFurthermore, while footnote citations require pinpoint references and a period at the end, you don\u2019t need either of these in the bibliography. As such, we would list the examples cited above as follows:\nBarrister, A,\u00a0Life in Law\u00a0(3rd\u00a0edn, PME Publications 2015)\nFuturebrain, T,\u00a0Law Online\u00a0(PME Publications 2012) <www.ebooks.au\/futurebrain> (accessed 1 July 2015)\nJudges, J,\u00a0Jurisprudence\u00a0(Kindle edn, PME Publications 2014)\nHopefully, this post has clarified how to cite ebooks in OSCOLA.\nUS Legal Referencing\nIf you are studying or working with US law, you may need a different citation system. The two biggest legal citation styles in US jurisprudence are:\n\n \tBluebook referencing \u2013 The most established citation system in US law. You can find out more about this system on our blog.\n \tALWD referencing \u2013 A system similar to Bluebook, but with a few simplifications that may make it easier to use.\n\nRegardless of the citation system you\u2019re using, though, our expert\u00a0proofreaders\u00a0can help you make sure your writing is error free.