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Introducing APA Referencing
APA referencing is the citation system created by the American Psychological Association. It was developed for the APA’s own publications, but it is now used by universities, publishers, and scientific journals around the world.
The current rules for APA referencing are set out in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Seventh Edition. But if you don’t have this, our editors know APA referencing inside out, so you can trust us to check your work.
APA Proofreading Services
If you’re using APA referencing in a document, why not have it checked by the experts? Our academic proofreaders have in-depth knowledge of the APA system, so we can make sure your citations and references are always error free.
How To Select APA Referencing
To let us know which referencing style to use, all you need to do is select APA from the drop-down menu while uploading your document.
We use the seventh edition of APA referencing by default, but if you are using an older version of APA, or if you have any other instructions for how we edit your work, leave a comment here to let us know.
In-Text Citations In APA Referencing
APA referencing uses author–date citations. As such, citing a source means:
- Citing the source in the main text, usually at the end of the relevant clause
- Giving the author’s surname and a year of publication in brackets
- Placing a comma between the name and year
For example, we would format a basic APA citation as follows:
This changes slightly when the author is named in the text. In such cases, you simply cite the year of publication in brackets after the author’s name:
Quoting Sources In APA Referencing
If you quote a source in APA referencing, make sure to include a page number at the end of the citation after a comma. This will point the reader to the quoted text:
The citation above, for example, tells us that the quote comes from page 34.
As with basic citations, this format changes slightly when the author is named in the text. In APA, this means citing the year of publication after the author’s name, but giving the page numbers after the quotation itself. For instance:
APA Reference Lists
APA referencing requires you to list every source you cite at the end of your document, complete with publication information. This is known as a “reference list.” The basic rules for an APA reference list are as follows:
- Begin your reference list on a new page headed “References”
- List all and only sources cited in your document
- Give authors’ surnames first, followed by an initial or initials
- List sources alphabetically by surname of the first listed author (e.g., “Aaronson & Zedwick” would come before “Zedwick & Aaronson” in an APA reference list)
- List multiple sources by the same author chronologically by year of publication
- Use sentence case for book and article titles (i.e., only capitalize the first letter of the first word of titles and subtitles, plus proper nouns)
- For journal titles, use the same capitalization as the original publication
- Italicize the titles of longer works, such as books and journals
- Use a half-inch (1.27 cm) hanging indent for each line after the first
However, make sure to check your style guide on this. Some schools have in-house rules for formatting reference lists, even if they use APA citations.
The format of reference list entries in APA depends on the source type (e.g., book, journal article, website). In all cases, though, you will need to give enough information to identify the source, including the name of the author and title. For instance, a book with a single author would be listed like this:
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Other Referencing Styles
If you’re using another referencing style in your work, we can still help. In fact, we have extensive experience proofreading documents that use the following styles:
And if you’re using a different referencing style, just let us know.